Wednesday, July 1, 2020
Describe A Memorandum On A Case Involving Bill Baker V. State (Case Study Sample) Content: TITLE:STUDENTS NAME:COURSE:COURSE CODE:INSTITUTIONS NAME:DATE:Word count: 2200THE COOLEY LAW FIRM9445 CAMDEN FIELD PARKWAY # 222RIVERVIEW, FLORIDA 33578813-419-5100 (Main Office) 8137-358-2671 (Fax)________________________________________________________________________MEMORANDUMTO:FROM:RE:DATE:June 26, 2017________________________________________________________________________Issue StatementThe memorandum delves into the case of Bill Baker v. State where he was arrested for constructive possession of crack cocaine which is a controlled substance under Fla. Stat. 893.03 .The statements of the arresting officer, Bill Baker; the owner of the camp (Alan Arbour) will form the pillar of the analysis. According to Taylor v. State, 13 So. Be 77, 80 (Fla.1st DCA 2009)0 N.E.2d 324, constructive possession of cocaine refers to when an individual has control over the area where the illegal drug is present or there is someone else within the premises that were holding on to it o n their behalf. The leading question is whether the defendant is in violation of Fla. Stat. 893.03 with respect to the cracked cocaine found in the camp?Brief AnswerI believe that the charges against Bill Baker with respect to constructive possession of cracked cocaine are not sufficient to warrant a trial. In most cases constructive possession is often inferred from the behaviour and surroundings of the individuals. The jury can infer constructive possession when the items are found within the premises of the person arrested even when the home is shared by other people. The sharing of the home introduces the concept of joint possession in the case the drugs were in plain view.Furthermore, in constructive possession the state has an obligation of proving beyond reasonable doubt that the person being had knowledge of the drugs and had dominion over them. This is in reference to Frank V. State, 199 So. 2d 117 (Fla.App.1967), the defendant was convicted with two counts; the first one is unlawful possession of morphine and the second count is marijuana. In this case the state was unable to determine that Frank was guilty of all the charges and the courts reversed the judgement.Statement of factsBill BakerReviewing Bill Baker's statement he indicated that he was not in possession of the drug at the time. According to law, possession takes place when one has immediate control over the substance and has knowledge of the existence of the illegal drug. See Johnson v. State, 456 So. 2d 923, 924 (Fla. 3d DCA 1984). In this case, based on the testimony presented by Bill Baker, it is clear that he did not have actual possession of cocaine. Therefore, our focus is tuned towards establishing whether he had a constructive possession of cocaine. The most pertinent aspect of constructive possession is that the individual, in this case Bill Baker, had knowledge of the existence of the drug and an ounce of control over it.At the camp, one of the Connie, Bill Bakers girlfriend played loud music that caused the neighbouring people to call the police. When Bill saw the squad car according to his statement, he went to turn down the volume. Bill believed that the noise was what had attracted the police and with Alan, the owner of the camp, shouting for someone to turn down the music he was just doing what he deemed to be right in this situation.The fact that Bill Baker was in proximity to the area where the contraband was found is not enough to claim constructive possession but when coupled up with other factors does strengthen the case. The case does simulate to Taylor v. State, 31 So.2d 114 (Fla. 2d DCA 1975) were the defendants proximity with the marijuana which was in plain sight was termed as insufficient evidence to necessitate a conviction.In the case of Metzger v. State, 395 So. 2d 1259 (Fla. 3d DCA 1981), the defendant was acquitted of the charges of possession on the fact that they were a guest hence they had no control over the premises. In the Bil l Baker case he was an invited guest to the cabin his proximity to the area where the cocaine was found in the cabin does not indicate that he had knowledge of the existence of the drug.Allen ArbourWhen reviewing the testimony presented by Alan Arbour, the evidence does re-route to Connie as the culpable culprit. Alan stated that Bill Bakers girlfriend, Connie, was a troublemaker and smoked a lot of weed. The fact that she had access to the weed clearly increases the possibility she had the cocaine . Allen indicates that when the police officer asked if there were any drugs in the cabin they all said no but he did not hear Connies response.Furthermore, Allen asserts that when the police entered into the cabin they were told to walk outside which they did. The police officer later came out with a bag of rocks, which he stated to have found it in the cabin. Allen concludes his statement by saying he had not seen the item in his life.In this case, because the officers apprehended Bil l Baker outside the room where the cocaine was found, the state has the responsibility of establishing that the suspect had constructive possession of the cocaine. See State v Reese, 774 So. 2d 948, 94,-50 (Fla.5th DCA 2001).The case of Reese was that when the S.W.A.T team entered the room they found her standing at the door. She was not in close proximity to the area where the drugs were found. As the room was shared holding her solely responsible for the drugs weakened the case. In other words, the state needs to clearly show that Bill Baker he had knowledge of the existence of the contraband, the ability to exercise control and dominion over the cocaine.Arresting OfficerThe arresting officer in this case stated that he was informed that there was a lot of noise from the cabin and he came to investigate. The officer saw someone place something in the cabinet but what instigated is curiosity to the existence of drugs in the camp was the smell of Marijuana. The visitors in the camp stated that they were not smoking when asked if they had drugs and allowed the police officer to investigate the premises. The fact that they allowed the police officer willingly to enter the premises nullified the need for a warrant to be acquired by the police officer. It therefore means that anything incriminating evidence found in the cabin is admissible in the court of law.The police on further investigation found the cocaine in the cabin where the suspect, Bill Baker, was seen to place something before they were asked to move out. The presence of cocaine in the house and the nervousness of Bill Barker was an indication that he had an idea of the presence of the drugs. This is in sufficient evidence with respect to United States v. Holland, 445 F.2d 701 (D.C. Cir.1971) case, in this case the state was unable to prove that the defendant had dominion over the contraband on the aspect that the drugs were found in the dresser where he took his clothing from. The apartment was the w omans and not the defendant and by preview of accessing something from it does not mean that they had dominion over the contraband.Furthermore, based on the evidence discovered we can also presume that Bill Baker was in possession with an intention to supply to his fellow cabins. The presence of additional zip lock bags in his pocket can be inferred to mean that he wanted to divide the cocaine and sell to his fellow cabins.DiscussionBased on the statement provided by the arresting officer, Bill Baker was arrested because he appeared nervous when the police officers came out with the cocaine from the cabin. His nervousness made him a more likely suspect compared with the other cabin occupants an aspect that led the police to arrest him. Afterwards, they patted him and found him in possession of the zip lock bags this is an error in the occurrence of events.In the Rangel v. State, 110 So. 3d 41 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2013, Rangel was an occupant of a vehicle that had other members. The sergeant charged Rangel only based on the fact that he was in close proximity to the container that had drugs. Charging only one individual was not sufficient to prove constructive possession. In the case of Bill Baker, the arresting police charging only Baker on constructive possession while other occupants were in the premises do not prove that he had the ability to exercise control over the drugs. See Watson V. State, 1116, 1117 (Fla. 2d DCA 2007) in this case Watson was caught in close proximity with weapons, the state was unable to provide independent proof that he either knew or had control over them.Secondly, the police officer did not test the cocaine zip lock bags to clearly prove that Bill Baker was in deed in possession of the illegal drugs. This coupled with the statement that Connie; Bills girlfriend smoked marijuana weakens the case that Bill Baker could have been the one in possession of the cocaine. There is a possibility that he decided to hide the drug with an aim of protecting his girlfriend from being arrested. Therefore, suing him for possession of cocaine will be a harsh trial.In evaluation of the entire case study, the evidence that Bill Baker was in possession of cocaine is not enough to warrant a trial. Apart from the zip lock bags found in his possession, the rest of the evidence presented by the officer is subjective. Th...
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Race and crime are interwoven with how justice and criminology are handled. Police have a racial bias against blacks and incarcerate them in larger numbers than any other race. Statistically, blacks have a higher arrest and incarceration rate than other races do. Due to police being taught that racial profiling is a necessary part of the job, blacks have now become a prime target for many false arrests and often serve jail time for a crime they may not have committed. The black community often expresses their distaste with the criminal justice system, and how their community is handled, but encounter opposition from a group of people who believe nothing is wrong. With justice and bias, there are many improvements that need to be made regarding how criminals are arrested and charged, especially when race is a factor. Statistically speaking, blacks are arrested more frequently than any other race. According to the department of justice statistics, 43% of all imprisoned males are black (Carson, 2014, p.8). In contrast, whites only make up 32% of the prison system, with other races making up the remaining 35% of incarcerated males (Carson, 2014, p.8). This situation is an issue because whites make up 63.1% of the Americas population, whereas blacks make up a mere 16.2%, according to the bureau of statistics. There is also a much larger majority of falsely imprisoned black Americans than there are any other race. The law enforcement community is also often racially bias which isShow MoreRelatedRace And Crime Of The Criminal Justice System6937 Words Ã |Ã 28 PagesRace and Crime For hundreds of yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ race and crime in America has been an ongoing issue. Therefore, the criminal justice topic I am going to research throughout this paper will be regarding the different races and crimes that are most commonly committed and how each different race is treated in the criminal justice system also how they are each individually affected by the American justice system. I will discuss background information of each race as well as problems and issues they are currentlyRead MorePolicy Process Essay1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSociety relies on the criminal justice system to maintain order within communities and to maintain a safe environment for community members. Society expects the criminal justice system to provide justice by separating the guilty from the innocent, to incapacitate dangerous individuals, to promote deterrence to law-breaking individuals, and to rehabilitate offenders. An important expectation of the criminal justice system is to provide fair and just consequences to criminal offenders and assist theRead MoreCrime Is Despicable And That Criminals Are Dangerous People1280 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSome of us, as young children, may have been taught that crime is abhorrent and that criminals are dangerous people, neglecting to explain why people commit crimes. Those same children may have learned that the criminal justice system -- comprised of law enforcement, the court system, and so on -- were impartial solutions to keep citizens safe and law-abiding. But the truth is, crime isnÃ¢â¬â¢t so simple and the criminal justice system may not be as grandiose and good as we were taught. In the finalRead MoreIs The Only Real Truth?1437 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTo me the only real reason the universe continues to exist is that there is nothing to stop it from doing so, if there was nothing to stop a person from committing crime they would continue to do so... same concept. I believe in a more realistic view of the future where people arenÃ¢â¬â¢t heading toward some great point after death but only to a hole in the ground. I believe in the things that science has taught us and that it is the only real truth in our world today. I am now, have always been and willRead MoreThe Bearing of Race and Ethnicity in the Criminal Justice System1285 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThere has been an ongoing debate as to whether or not race and ethnicity have a bearing on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment in the criminal justice system for many years. I will be arguing that race and ethnicity do in fact, have a bearing on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment in the criminal justice system. I will be backing up my position on this topic by providing evidence from five scholarly articles. My first source is African Americans and the Criminal Justice system by Phyllis Gray-Ray, Melvin C. Ray, Sandra Rutland,Read MoreDiscrimination in the Criminal Justice System Essay733 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesyou think of the criminal justice system, you think of justice being served to those who wish to threaten it. The criminal justice system is a very powerful system that protects our society but like society, it is not perfect. The justice system runs off of discrimination against race and gender It is believed that African Americans are the criminals, Caucasians are the victims, and women are too weak to even be in the system. Is this information accurate? I believe that crime should not be totallyRead MoreRacial Profiling: Is it Intentional? Can We Correct it? Essay991 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe American justice system today, but what does it really mean? Is racial profiling just a term cooked up by criminals looking for a way to get out of trouble and have a scapegoat for their crimes? Is it really occurring in our justice system, and if so is it done intentionally? Most importantly, if racial profiling exists what steps do we take to correct it? The answer to these questions are almost impossible to find, racial profiling is one of many things within our justice system that can be disputedRead MoreRacial Discrimination And The Criminal Justice System1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough saying the criminal justice system is racist is a controversial statement, there is evid ence and statistics that prove it to be true. Research and evidence validate the issue of racism to be undeniable. Equality and justice are out of reach with the racism that takes place in our criminal justice system and our country. Racial discrimination is prevalent amongst the African American culture in issues regarding drug use, and incarceration which creates unfair inequality for this race. I will useRead MoreCriminal Justice: Racial Disparity and Discrimination and O.J. Simpson768 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCriminal law is based on the principle of actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea. The principle is to the extent that a man is not guilty of his acts, actus in the absence of a guilty conscience, mens rea (Gardner, 2009). To this end, criminal law justice provides that the person alleging the commission of a crime must proof beyond reasonable doubt that the accused person(s) possessed mens rea, if the court is to hold a criminal liability against the accused. In the case of Pe ople of the State ofRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System : An Analysis Of Income And Racial Inequality Essay1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesRyan Williams English 102 Professor 6 May 2015 The Criminal Justice System: an Analysis of Income and Racial Inequality In the history of civilized communities, one finds that different structures and practices are relevant and necessary to uphold and maintain order within societyÃ¢â¬âhence, the establishment of the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system, according to the Oxford Dictionaries (2010), is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the system of law enforcement that is directly involved in apprehending
What is bioethics? According to Michigan State University, School of Medicine, it is defined as an activity that is shared, reflective, examination of ethical issues in healthcare, health science and health policy. It is the discussion of the information that should be given to the patient and the patients right to refuse or accept that information. It involves doctors and patients but scientists and politicians and the general public. It has brought significant change but also raises new questions. In any event the topic of discussion and the purpose of this term paper is to explore biology and the ethics of this natural science. The topic of this paper is Physician Assisted Suicide; it has been widely debated amongst doctors, patients, politicians and law makers. The question that will be explored is the fact of if this is wrong or right to do. The purpose of physician assisted suicide, as well as how humans manipulated this phenomenon, and the controversy of this topic, amongst ot her prevalent information will be discussed. There will be some court cases that will be mentioned to prove when it should be used and when it should not be used. I will attempt to provide my position to this topic, although it may be hard to do so. Laws in which PAS can be done will be mentioned as well as other alternatives to it. I hope and pray this is sufficient. Physician Assisted Suicide, as defined by the American Nursing Association, Ã¢â¬Å" is the means to end a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s life is provided toShow MoreRelatedThe Ethics Of Physician Assisted Suicide Essay1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespersonal perception of a Ã¢â¬Å"good lifeÃ¢â¬ even if they are not hurting anyone else? The exceedingly divided dispute around the procedure of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) asks this very question. Although PAS is reasonably fresh to the sphere of moral matters it is often the main topic in many discussions about proper healthcare and palliative care. Physician-assisted suicide was initially permitted in the state of Oregon when the state passed its Death with Dignity Act in 1994 (Kotva, 2016). The Act requiresRead MoreThe Ethics Of Physician Assisted Suicide926 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesquestioning the ethics of physician assisted suicide since the late 18th century. According to medicinenet the definition of physician assisted suicide is Ã¢â¬Å"the vol untary termination of one s own life by administrating a lethal substance with the direct assistance of a physician.Ã¢â¬ This would typically come into play if/when a critically ill patient wants to end their suffering. Confirming with the State-by-State Guide to Physician-Assisted Suicide, 5 states have Paquin 2 Legalized physician assisted suicideRead MorePhysician Assisted Suicide And Ethics725 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Legality of Physician Assisted Suicide and Ethics Luz Garcia Taunton University of Texas Rio Grande Valley Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract Physician assisted suicide is defined as a doctor intentionally killing a person by the administration of drugs, at that personÃ¢â¬â¢s voluntary and competent request. Research has been conducted in different countries to determine under what conditions this practice is acceptable. Most health care practitioners agree that this is only suitable when the patient in question is sufferingRead MoreThe Ethics Of Physician-Assisted Suicide1381 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhysician-assisted suicide can be the withholding of essential care, but it can also be the administration of lethal drugs either by the patient themselves or by a medical professional to end suffering from incurable diseases (Richmond, 2014). Is it fair to make someone live in chronic pain for the rest of their life when there are options? If someone has tried all options to live and have come to terms with no more options, is it okay to help them end their life? The choices do not come easy andRead MoreThe Ethics Of Physicia n Assisted Suicide1723 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPhysician assisted suicide, the suicide of a patient suffering from an incurable disease, effected by the taking of lethal drugs provided by a doctor for this purpose. The question of whether or not this practice should be made legal in the United States has been one of controversy since 1997. Beginning with the case of Washington v. Glucksberg, where the United States Supreme Court ruled that the matter of the constitutionality of a right to a physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s aid in dying, was best left up to the statesRead MoreUtilitarian And Virtue Ethics Of Physician Assisted Suicide1314 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPhysician Assisted Suicide Physician assisted suicide or PAS is a controversial topic in the world today. But the important question is, should physician assisted suicides be allowed in cases such as: the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s suffering is far too great and there is no chance of them getting better? This is a highly debated issue, that has activist groups on both sides fighting for what they think is the right thing to do. Physician assisted suicides can stop the excruciating pain a patient is in, especiallyRead MoreEthics And Social Responsibility Of Physician Assisted Suicide Essay2503 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages Ethics in Physician Assisted Suicide Chataqua Wilson SOC120: Introduction to Ethics and Social Responsibility Instructor: Denise Antoon Augustl 1, 2014 Ethics in Physician Assisted Suicide Physician assisted suicide refers to the voluntary termination of the life of a particular patient. It is conducted through administering a lethal substance with direct or indirect assistance from the physician. The case of physician-assisted suicide has caused many debates.Read MorePhysician Assisted Suicide : Comparative Religious Ethics1783 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Physician Assisted Suicide RST-331-20 Comparative Religious Ethics Brian D. Berry, Ph.D. Fall 2014 Physician Assisted Suicide 2 Physician Assisted Suicide is defined as suicide committed with the aid of a physician who facilitates a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s death by providing the necessary means and or information to perform the life ending act. The physician provides sleeping pills and information about the lethal dose, which is fully aware the patient will commit suicide. The patientsRead MoreEssay Moral and Ethics: Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide 1776 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesEuthanasia and physician-assisted suicide are actions that hit at the core of what it means to be human - the moral and ethical actions that make us who we are, or who we ought to be. Euthanasia, a subject that is so well known in the twenty-first century, is subject to many discussions about ethical permissibility which date back to as far as ancient Greece and Rome , where euthanasia was practiced rather frequently. It was not until the Hippocratic School removed it from medical practice. EuthanasiaRead MoreThe Ethics Of Assisted Suicide1526 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAbstract Physician assisted suicide, otherwise noted as Ã¢â¬Å"PAS,Ã¢â¬ has existed for many years, however has made a controversial appearance in legislation recently. PatientsÃ¢â¬â¢ and their end of life decisions have shaped the way PAS has been portrayed today. Nurses play an important role in the everyday life of transitioning patients, which places them at the forefront of assisted suicide. Nurses must have clear and defined rules when it applies to assisted suicide, and what they can do if this
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Redefining the Definition of a Ã¢â¬Å"***FlawlessÃ¢â¬ Body In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s day and age positive body image is an important factor to maintain, not only for the physical wellbeing of a person but also because it can determine the mental state and wellbeing of a person. Primarily us women are more subject to maintain and acquiring a Ã¢â¬Å"bodyÃ¢â¬ that can be acceptable in society. Women are subjected to social injustice on a daily basis about their bodies and what their ideal body should be. Such an Ã¢â¬Å"idealÃ¢â¬ body can include almost impossible proportions and weight goals. Ideal body proportions, weight and features are demonstrated through media. The desire of an ideal body distorts positive body image and creates a desire to change, especially among youngÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The pressure of to achieve happiness and acceptance through being skinny is enforced through Media and business advertisements all over the world. This can manipulate women to take e xtreme measures which can lead to eating disorders. A negative body image can lead young woman to extremes. As a result, self-harm, eating disorders and low self-esteem arises. The actions which young woman take to change and become thinner can lead to diseases and mental disorders. According to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, 24 million people are affected by eating disorders, 10 million of which are women. About 50% of people with eating disorders Ã¢â¬Å"meet the criteria for depressionÃ¢â¬ (Eating Disorder Statistics). Pilisuk says that Ã¢â¬Å"There is also a marketed reality of goods, sales pressures, or demands for competitive success to fill the void of emptiness in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s livesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (1). Businesses and Media do not only advertise the Ã¢â¬Å"ideal bodyÃ¢â¬ but also create products and services to Ã¢â¬Å"helpÃ¢â¬ women achieve these ideal proportions and weight. The Ã¢â¬Å"voidÃ¢â¬ here that Pilisuk mentions is the desire to be wanted by changing ourselves, or acquiring happiness through an ideal body. Businesses benefit over this feeling of insecurity and desire by creating diet pills and products that are advertised and promised to help us acquire this change in our bodies. Whether it be diet pills, paid programs that help us Ã¢â¬Å"lose those extra poundsÃ¢â¬ , orShow MoreRelatedPositive Body Image Group Essay1234 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Body image disturbance, or BID, can have negative effects on individuals and can be found among many different ages of women. In fact, BID can even be found in girls as young as age seven. Many negative effects have been attributed to BID, such as increased anxiety, stress, and depression, which can cause issues both psychologically and physically (Devaraj Lewis, 2010). Therefore, there is a need to help women combat these negative effects of body image disturbance and help maintain a more positiveRead MoreTeens Need Positive Body Images Essay1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshigh school, or college hallway, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not an uncommon occurrence to hear a young woman say something bad about either her body or another girlÃ¢â¬â¢s body. Negative comments instill a deeper impact than merely hurting a childÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings. They lead toward lowered self-esteem, increased dieting or eating disorders. Young girls require illumination at an early age into positive body images, avoiding thos e repercussions and the extremity of committing suicide such as demonstrated in Ã¢â¬Å"Barbie DollÃ¢â¬ by Marge PiercyRead MoreThe Controversy Over The Unrealistic Body Image1351 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The controversy over the unrealistic body image portrayed by the culturally iconic Barbie doll has been a topic of interest in sociology for many years. The research on this subject aims to determine the role that Barbie plays, if any, in the prevalence of negative body image and self esteem issues in young girls. The Barbie doll, introduced by Mattel, Inc. in 1959, can easily be considered the most popular doll in the world with 99% of 3 to 10 year olds owning at least one Barbie doll, andRead MoreThe Media And Body Image1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesToday we know that the media and body image are closely related. Particularly, how the body image advertising portrays affects our own body image. Research documented adolescents as they are more at risk for developing unhealthy attitudes toward their bodies. They are at a time where they re focused on developing their individual identities, making them susceptible to social pressure and media images. A major reason many people have a negative body image is because of the impact that the mediaRead MoreThe Negative Effects Of The Mass Media And Body Image998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinfluence on an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s body image. The media distorts reality, promotes weight-teasing, and with the lack of diversity, it leads to body dissatisfaction, that would be a personÃ¢â¬â¢s negative thoughts about their body, and can inevitably lead to eating disorders. Also, media distorting reality can lead to mental illness and a low self esteem. The body image of many people does not reflect who they are but it rather reflects what the media portrays. Introduction What is body image? It is the internal representationRead MoreThe Effects of Modern Body Image1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesjudgment, and shameÃ¢â¬ (Brown, n.d.). Body image, on the other hand, Ã¢â¬Å"is a complicated aspect of the self-concept that concerns an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions and feelings about their body and physical appearanceÃ¢â¬ (Serdar, n.d.). According to Nordqvist, it is divided into two perceptions: positive and negative body images. He states that positive body image is Ã¢â¬Å"based on reality Ã¢â¬â the individual sees himself/herself as they really are; they accept parts of their body that are not ideal, but are generallyRead MoreMedias Effect on Negative Body Image Essay1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Society should have a positive outlook on body image, rather than face a disorder that can change oneÃ¢â¬â¢s whole life. Negative body image can result from the media, with photoshop and editing, celebrity fad diets, and societyÃ¢â¬â¢s look at the perf ect image. Negative body image can lead to dangerous eating disorders, such as bulimia and anorexia. It can also take a risk to unhealthy habits, such as smoking, alcohol, and drugs. It is important to stress the effects of body image, because the world stillRead MoreBeauty Culture: An Examination the Effects Media Has on Society 1440 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesobsession with beauty is not without cause. As stated in Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men, Women, and Children, Ã¢â¬Å"In affluent Western societies, slenderness is generally associated with happiness, success, youthfulness, and social acceptability. Being overweight is linked to laziness, lack of willpower, and being out of control.Ã¢â¬ (Grogan 325) Despite common misconceptions, body image affects all groups of people. Consequently, the image people have of themselves and the way that they reactRead MoreAnorexia Nervos Symptoms, And Treatment Of Anorexia1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdefined as a disease in wh ich a person starves themselves and exercises excessively in order to lose weight. In addition, as the person continues to lose weight, they have a distorted body image and perceives themselves as fat. In other words, the person is literally blind to the physical condition of their own body. The treatment process includes the help of a counselor, a dietitian, and a psychologist as they work to improve both the physical and mental well-being of the patient. Bulimia NervosaRead MoreThe Effect Of Media On Womens Body Image1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesrole of media affects how women perceive body image. I was interested in knowing the ways in which the media influenced the ways in which they perceive themselves and their beauty. In order to perform my research, I conducted surveys of female students ranging from ages 18-28, carried out experimental research on them to test whether they feel worse about their bodies after being exposed to thin media models than after being exposed to other types of images as well as conducting secondary research
Service Learning Annotated Bibliography American Association of Community Colleges. (2011). Service Learning. HYPERLINK http://www.aacc.nche.edu www.aacc.nche.edu. The source offered by the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) details the growing emphasis on service learning in higher-education contexts. Particularly, the source offers a number of statistical figures indicating that 60% of all community colleges offer some comprehensive form of service-learning curriculum. This denotes to our research that community colleges and higher education in general are contexts in which service learning is increasingly seen as a progressive and valuable mode of instruction. Ayers, J. (2003). Service-Learning in Maryland. Maryland State Department of Education. Ayers (2003) provides the present research endeavor with a concise guide for educators on how to design and implement a service-learning curriculum. The article offers some basic steps on how to approach this instructional strategy and links to a number of documents that can be used in support of this endeavor. Community-Campus Partnerships for Health. (2011). Service-Learning. Depts.washington.edu. This source underscores the sheer diversity of areas in which service-learning can be manifested as a constructive and innovative strategy for learning. The Community-Campus Partnership for Health (2011) indicates that service-learning is particularly valuable in the fields of healthcare and publicShow MoreRelatedLearning and Cognition Essay1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Annotated Bibliography: Foundation for a course Project PSYC 3500; Learning and Cognition U5A1: Annotated Bibliography Capella University November, 2013 Annotated Bibliography: Foundation for a course Project This paper contains an annotated bibliography for a paper which will serve as the final project for a course on the subject of learning and cognition. The paper for which this bibliography was prepared originally was to focus on whetherRead MoreHcs 465 (Health Care Research Utilization) Entire Class Assignme6475 Words Ã |Ã 26 PagesAssignment, Annotated Bibliography Individual Assignment: Literature Review in Research: An Annotated Bibliography Ã¢â¬ ¢ Resource: Literature Review in Research: An Annotated Bibliography Grading Criteria. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Go to the Center for Writing Excellence. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Click the Tutorials Guides link. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Click the Annotated Bibliography link the under the Samples heading. You may use this format to create your annotated bibliography. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Read: the Annotated Bibliography samplesRead MoreScientific Method and Health Care2524 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pages | | | |Care | | | | |Learning Team Instructions |Begin working on the Trends and Consumerism in Health Care Presentation due in Week Five. | | | | |Review the Week One objectives and discuss additional insights andRead MoreInterpersonal Communications Essay1036 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract The object of this paper is to examine the effectiveness of interpersonal communication. The paper will discuss how human service professionals can help by learning the standards of clients of a different culture. This paper will demonstrate some barriers that counselors may endure when assisting clients. Emotions can influence whether a client discuss circumstances to the interviewer and recognizing nonverbal and verbal cues. The authors have established the importance of counselorsRead MoreBSHS 345 Week 4 Annotated Bibliography1433 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Annotated Bibliography BSHS/345 Annotated Bibliography Juleen K. Buser, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development 37.2 (April 2009): 94-104 This article is a great article that relates to African Americans seeking mental health treatment at lower rates than whites. The article states that this disparity can be attributed to attitudes toward services, alternate coping, and differences in care. This article also illuminates biases in counseling. Snowden, Lonnie R, Barriers toRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography : Literacy As Foreign Aid704 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesAustin Hammond ENGL 2311.350 Dr. Gregory September 25, 2014 Annotated Bibliography: Literacy as Foreign Aid to Developing Nations Abosi, Okey. Educating Children With Learning Disabilities In Africa. Learning Disabilities Research Practice (Wiley-Blackwell) 22.3 (2007): 196-201. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Sept. 2014. Abosi addresses the concern of children in African classrooms that are challenged with learning disorders and examines the diverse contributing factors such as: healthRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Annotated Bibliography Galen College of Nursing Annotated Bibliography Mayo Clinic (2011). Personal health record: A tool for managing your health. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/personal-health-record/MY00665 This source talks about how electronic health records makes it easy to gather and manage medical information in a secure location (Mayo Clinic, 2001, pg. 1). They explain what a health record is and what goes into it. The advantages and disadvantages toRead MoreEmbedded Blended Learning Within An Algebra Classroom : A Multimedia Capture Experiment882 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnnotated Bibliography Smith, J., Suzuki, S. (2015). Embedded blended learning within an Algebra classroom: a multimedia capture experiment. Journal Of Computer Assisted Learning, 31(2), 133-147. doi:10.1111/jcal.12083. Retrieved from https://wgu.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true This article was published in the Journal of computer Assisted Learning. This is a peer-reviewed, scholarly journal that focuses on the multiple applications of information andRead MoreWorkplace Citizenship8908 Words Ã |Ã 36 PagesCUC100 School of Academic Language and Learning Student Name: ____________________________________ Unit Academic Literacies Unit code CUC100 School/Faculty School of Academic Language Learning; Faculty of Law, Education, Business, Arts Duration One semester Credit 10 credit points Assessment tasks Four For this unit you will need the following: Unit Information (Online) Core Readings (Online) Weekly Learning Materials (Online) 2 Textbooks (via Bookshop): Read MoreThe Concept Of Reference Management As Seen The Eyes Of Author Dianne Ridley1289 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesresearch and part three of this study will be to discuss the concept of reference management as seen in the eyes of author Dianne Ridley. Micro finance and economics in rural areas Microfinance also known as microcredit is the provision of financial services to small businesses or groups of entrepreneurs in an effort to eradicate poverty. This is most common to developing or third world countries and is provided to people who donÃ¢â¬â¢t qualify for the formal banking system, in other words people without
Question: Discuss about the Survey of Privacy and Security Issues. Answer: Introduction The security aspect of any website plays a vital role in every sphere. The data involved in the website as in the database should be kept secured and kept active all the time. Americas job link is a web based portal that is mainly used by people to connect with organization in order to get a job. The company revealed that their system was hacked which actually lead to fault in the code of application (Fennelly, 2016). This report puts lime light on the whole scenario and deals with the aspect that how and why the situation occurred and what could have been the possible solution. The website was formed in order to achieve jobs and help people to get job. The company reported that the hacker was able to hack the website would immediately lead to fault in the application code of the website. The criminal was able to get all the personal information of nearly 4.8 million job seekers which included mainly their full name, birth date and security number related to social. The activity took place in the year 2017. The person who had given all the related information before the attack was eventually lost and they had to again give the information in order get the proper intended result. The activity was uncovered in the ten states that mainly used the Americas job link system. Some of states that were in the list are Arkansas, Delaware, Idaho, Kansas, Oklahoma and Vermont (Fonseca Rosen, 2017). Possible solution to the problem It can be noted that almost all the times it has been seen that majority of the website security breaches are mainly not done in order to get the data and use them for the personal benefit of the hacker, but the main motive behind the attack is that they intent to use the server in order to send emails relay for spam or in order to set up a web server which would be temporary in order to serve files which are of illegal nature (Cutinha et al., 2017) There can be many ways in order to protect the website or in this case possible solution of the event. Keeping all the software up to data and installing all the security patches available in order to keep all the data secured. Validation should always be done both from the servers end as well as from the browsers end. The aspect of password plays a vital role in securing any account. The user should always keep a complex password which cannot be easily detected by any other person. The password should always be stored as encrypted values ; this can be done by implementing a one way hashing function for example SHA. Using this method means with the prospective of the user authenticating users, the user only ever comparing the encrypted values (Dadkhah, Borchardt Lagzian, 2017). Uploading a file in a website, in this case uploading the bio data should be believed to be the most important aspect which can be directly related to website security breach, even if it is merely done to change an individuals avatar. Opening a file or reading a pdf or using any sort of function which can be done in order to check the image size are not at all proof (Patel Pathrabe, 2017). There are many tools which are available that can be used in order to safe guard a website. The tools are as follows Netsparker: This is good for testing SQL injection and XSS. OpenVAS: It is claimed to be the most advanced source which is considered as open software. The main advantage that can be received by this is that it is good for testing known as vulnerability, currently which scans over 25000. On the other hand its set up is difficult as it requires a OpenVAS server which only run on linux system (Ramayah et al., 2016) SecurityHeader.io: A tool which can be used to report quickly which security headers such as CSP and HSTS a domain has correctly configured and enabled. Conclusion The security aspect of any website can be considered as one of the most important aspects. There is usually a huge amount of data which is stored in a database; in case a breach is performed by a hacker on the system it could lead to a big problem even the website could be on harm. The security aspect can be employed in the field which can be directly implemented and taken advantage of. The hacker intends to breach in order to gain benefit for their personal issue but with the implementation of the security features it can be avoided. References Cutinha, S., Rodrigues, S., Sanjay, P., Supreetha, R. (2017). Connectify-A Social Networking Website. Advances in Computing, 7(2), 35-39. Dadkhah, M., Borchardt, G., Lagzian, M. (2017). Do You Ignore Information Security in Your Journal Website?. Science and engineering ethics, 23(4), 1227-1231. Fennelly, L. (2016). Effective physical security. Butterworth-Heinemann. Fonseca, B., Rosen, J. D. (2017). Introduction. In The New US Security Agenda (pp. 1-15). Springer International Publishing. Patel, P. P. R. P. V., Pathrabe, T. (2017). Survey of Privacy and Security Issues in Spice World E-Commerce Website. Ramayah, T., Ling, N. S., Taghizadeh, S. K., Rahman, S. A. (2016). Factors influencing SMEs wQebsite continuance intention in Malaysia. Telematics and Informatics, 33(1), 150-164.
It allows the audience to feel engaged In the speech. For Instance, If you are gluing a speech and staring at the back of the room, It could easily cause a disconnect between you and your audience. Ineffective 1 . Appearing nervous by fidgeting or excessively moving around is an ineffective characteristic because it distracts your audience members. How could your audience possibly concentrate on what it is you are saying when they are distracted by what it is that you are doing? 2. Lack of knowledge on the topic of speech is ineffective simply because you cannot relay information that you have yet to understand yourself. Most of the time, when you are ignorant to a topic you are speaking about, t shows. Lack of knowledge could cause you to lose your audiences attention. 3. Using filler words such as ;mum or uh or taking long, untimely pauses is ineffective while giving a speech. We will write a custom essay sample on Characteristics of Effective Ineffect or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It can say a number of things about your presentation, you are unprepared, you are nervous, you are uninformed on your topic, etc.It also gives your audience members time to get distracted and get lost In their own thoughts rather than yours. 4. Being unprepared for a speech and having to read straight from a visual aid is severely ineffective because its shows that not only are you unprepared, but you also arent knowledgeable on your topic. And causes your appearance to be less than attractive because you are standing before a live audience with a paper in front of your face. In addition, it causes a disconnect because you are losing eye contact with your audience. . Giving too much information or giving irrelevant information is also an ineffective speaking characteristic. When giving a speech, you want to capture your audiences attention and hold It. By feeding them extra information that Is not necessarily needed to get our point across can cause you to lose that, making your speech itself Ineffective because your audience would have tuned out the Important Information along with the unnecessary Information.Characteristics of Effective Infect By homework 1. Knowledge on the subject of the speech is extremely effective. Not only because it allows you to deliver the information to your audience, but also because it will help you if you have any hiccup in your speech. It will also allow you to improvise if you you raise your voice. 5. Eye contact is also effective in the sense that it helps you innocent with your audience. It allows the audience to feel engaged in the speech.For instance, if you are giving a speech and staring at the back of the room, it could Using filler words such as mum or uh or taking long, untimely pauses is topic, etc. It also gives your audience members time to get distracted and get lost in and hold it. By feeding them extra information that is not necessarily needed to get your point across can cause you to lose that, making your speech itself ineffective because your audience would have tuned out the important information along with the unnecessary information.